Scheduled Caste Population Composition Of India



Scheduled Caste population composition of India

Scheduled Castes are notified in 31 States/UTs of India and there are altogether 1,241 individual ethnic groups, etc. notified as Scheduled Castes in different States/UTs. There has been some changes in the List of SCs/STs in States/ UTs during the last decade. As per the 2011 Census of India, there are around 201.4 million SCs comprising of 103.5 males and 97.9 females. The proportion of SCs in relation to the total population is 16.6%, of which 18.5% and 12.6% belong to rural and urban categories respectively. The state-wise & UT distribution of SCs in the country as per the 2011 Census is as follows:

20.1% and above – Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, U.P., West Bengal

15.1 – 20.0% – Rajasthan, M.P., Bihar, Uttarakhand, Tripura, Odisha, Andra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Chandigarh

10.1-15.0% – Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand d. 5.1-10.0% – Gujarat, Kerala, J&K, Assam

5% and below – Meghalaya, Sikkim, Mizoram, Manipur, Goa, Daman & Diu

As regards the share of SCs in relation to other the country as a whole, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar have the highest share of SC population in India as per the 2011 Census.

As regards the share of SCs in relation to other the country as a whole, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar have the highest share of SC population in India as per the 2011 Census.

The distribution of SCs across the states are as follows:

Uttar Pradesh – 20.5%

West Bengal – 10.7%

Bihar – 8.2%

Tamil Nadu – 7.2%

Andhra Pradesh – 6.9%

Maharashtra – 6.6%

Rajasthan – 6.1%

Madhya Pradesh – 5.6%

Karnataka – 5.2%

Punjab – 4.4%

Odisha – 3.6% l

Rest of the other states – 15.0%

As regards the proportion of SCs in various states / Union Territories by rank are provided below. Punjab (31.9%) has the highest proportion of SCs in the country followed by Himachal Pradesh (25.2) and West Bengal (23.5%). As regards the bottom five the North-Eastern states – Mizoram and Meghalaya – have the lowest proportion of SC population.

ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare , Government of India. Formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture. The ICAR has its headquarters at New Delhi. The Council is the apex body for co-ordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. With 101 ICAR institutes and 71 agricultural universities spread across the country this is one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world. The ICAR has played a pioneering role in ushering Green Revolution and subsequent developments in agriculture in India through its research and technology development that has enabled the country to increase the production of foodgrains by 5.4 times, horticultural crops by 10.1 times, fish by 15.2 times, milk 9.7 times and eggs 48.1 times since 1951 to 2017, thus making a visible impact on the national food and nutritional security. It has played a major role in promoting excellence in higher education in agriculture. It is engaged in cutting edge areas of science and technology development and its scientists are internationally acknowledged in their fields.

 

NCHER (National Commission for Higher Education & Research)

The National Council of Higher Education Resources (NCHER) is the nation’s oldest and largest higher education finance trade association. NCHER’s membership includes state, nonprofit, and for-profit higher education service organizations, including lenders, servicers, guaranty agencies, collection agencies, financial literacy providers, and schools, interested and involved in increasing college access and success. It assists its members in shaping policies governing federal and private student loan and state grant programs on behalf of students, parents, borrowers, and families.

NCHER represents its members on public policy initiatives within the legislative and executive branches of the federal government, and brings together the higher education community to strengthen all federal and private student loan and state grant programs through its ongoing involvement with Congress, the U.S. Department of Education, the U.S. Department of Treasury, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the Federal Communications Commission, and other federal agencies, associations, and organizations engaged in student financing and policy.

The organization’s mission, revised in 2014, is to enhance its member organizations’ abilities to help families and students develop, pay for, and attain their educational goals so they can pursue meaningful and rewarding work and become contributing members of society. The mission covers a broad range of postsecondary education service opportunities and reflects the fact that the work and interests of the membership do not end when a student or borrower enrolls in postsecondary education. The members care whether the individual has attained his or her educational goals, not just whether he or she simply accessed a degree program. The membership cares whether or not completing this education helped the individual pursue meaningful and rewarding work and becoming a contributing member of society, not just whether he or she is simply paying taxes. The mission statement supports and joins the national discussion around student outcomes, career development, civic engagement, lifelong learning, and social impact. Similar to the new millennial generation that we mainly serve, NCHER wants its mission and work to make a difference.

 


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