21.01.20 Gujarat [GPSC] Current Affairs

GUJARAT

Rs 10,000 crore shot for SC, ST welfare schemes in Gujarat

While movements and counter-movements have risen over scheduled caste and scheduled tribe reservations, the Gujarat government is set to enact a legislation by which sub-plan expenditure of government funds on scheduled castes (SCs) and scheduled tribes (STs) will have to be based on their their share in the population. Thus an estimated Rs 10,000 crore will be available for welfare SCs and STs, if such legislation is implemented.

For several years, it has been observed that funds meant for the welfare of SCs and STs have been diverted to other departments. The move for the new legislation has great political significance, given reservations issue.

According to a constitutional mandate, every state and the Union government must make its minimum allocation of funds for SCs and STs in proportion to their population in that respective state.

Governments can allocate greater budgetary spending but cannot spend less than the proportion of SCs/STs in the general population on schemes for their welfare.
The central policy think-tank Niti Aayog also directed states to follow this constitutional provision in budget allocation.

However, the Gujarat government, has not been following this and has been allocating smaller budgets under the SC/ST sub plans, a clear violation of constitutional provisions.
According to the 2011 census, the SCs make up 7.09% and STs 14.75% of the state’s population. For many years straight, the Gujarat government has been allocating smaller budgets than mandatory for SC/ST welfare. The maximum allocation made by the state government so far under the SC sub-plan has been 4.98%, while the maximum allocation made so far under any ST sub-plan has been 13.7% of the total budgetary allocation.

Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have enacted special laws to ensure proper SC/ST sub-plan expenditure.

INTERNATIONAL

Microsoft vows to be carbon negative by 2030

 

 

Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond Washington.Microsoft announced that it would become carbon negative by the year 2030. The announcement made in the form of its increased efforts to combat climate change. The company announced that it vows to eliminate all the carbon emissions created by the company since its inception in 1975. Microsoft announced its investment of $1 billion in a climate innovation fund for technology for carbon capture and removal.

Amazon to invest 1 billion USD in India.

 

Amazon.com chief Jeff Bezos announced USD 1 billion over Rs 7,000 crore investment in India to help bring small and medium businesses online and committed to exporting USD 10 billion worth of India-made goods by 2025. The online retail giant committed USD 5.5 billion investments in India – Amazon’s most important market outside of the US and a key growth driver.

 

The long-term partner of India and actions speak louder than words. Amazon will invest an incremental USD 1 billion to digitize micro and small businesses across India, helping them reach more customers than ever before. This initiative will use Amazon’s global footprint to create USD 10 billion in India exports by 2025.

 

 

Iranian Film ‘Castle of Dreams’ gets Best Film Award at Dhaka International Film Festival

 

The Iranian film ‘Castle of Dreams’ directed by Reza Mirakarimi won the Best Film Award in Asian Competition section of the 18th Dhaka International Film Festival (DIFF).

The film also won the Best Director Award.

Information Minister of Bangladesh Hasan Mahmud gave away the award carrying prize money of Tk 1 lakh, a citation in the closing ceremony held in Dhaka.

Indian film ‘Finally Love’ directed by Anjan Dutt bagged Best Audience Award in Cinema of the World Category.

The theme of this year’s festival was ‘better film, better audience, better society’.

 

NATIONAL

Indian scientist Sakya Singha Sen awarded Merck Young Scientist Award 2019

 

Sakya Singha Sen from National Chemical Laboratory awarded as Merck Young Scientist Award 2019 for performing remarkable research in chemical science. Sen and his research team specializes in main group chemistry and involves in the synthesis of compounds with main group element and their catalytic application. The catalysts used mostly belong to precious metals platinum, palladium, iridium. These are very expensive, and their abundance in the earth is very less.This award is instituted by Merck. He is a science and technology company operating worldwide.

 

Merck Young Scientist Award is given to researchers with less than ten years of experience with expertise in solving some of the toughest problems in chemical sciences.

 

 

9th International Children’s Film Festival begins in Kolkata

 

The 9th International Children’s Film Festival begins in Kolkata with the screening of Aizaz Khan directed Hamid.

About 250 films from 45 countries will be screened in the week-long festival.

The National Award winner Children actor, Talha Arsad Rishi will inaugurate the festival.

Besides the screening of films, an exhibition on the children’s film festival will also be organised.

The Bloomsbury Anthology of Great Indian Poems to be released

The Bloomsbury Anthology of Great Indian Poems edited by Abhay K. is to be launched on 23 January 2020. It will be launched on the opening day of the Jaipur Literature Festival 2020.

 

Bloomsbury Anthology of Great Indian Poems:

The anthology covers over 3000 years of Indian poetry which were written in 28 Indian languages. 

Earlier, Abhay K. has edited 100 Great Indian Poems. It has been translated and published into Portuguese, Spanish and Italian and it is to be published in Nepali, French, Irish, Russian, and Malagasy.

GPSC નોંધો GPSC પ્રિલિમ્સ અને GPSC મુખ્ય પરીક્ષાની તૈયારી માટે પ્રિલિમ્સ અને મેન્સ પ્રોગ્રામ્સ લાવે છે. GPSC નોંધો દ્વારા શરૂ કરાયેલા વિવિધ કાર્યક્રમો નીચે મુજબ છે:- કોઈપણ શંકા માટે, ફક્ત અમને ચેટ કરો અથવા અમને એક ક્વેરી ભરો--
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