India’s largest saline agricultural land in Gujarat
Two crucial studies on the increasing soil salinity in Gujarat have raised concerns. Of the 6.73 million hectares of land affected by salinity in India, Gujarat constitutes 2.23 million hectares, followed by UP 1.37 million hectares, while Maharashtra has 0.61 million hectares affected by soil salinity. In fact Gujarat, UP, Maharashtra, W Bengal and Rajasthan constitute 75% of saline soils of the country. This has been claimed by the department of botany of Banaras Hindu University in September this year.
Soil salinity also leads to large agricultural production loses. Another study by department of soil science of Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar (CSK), Himachal Pradesh, Krishi Vishvavidyalaya (HPKV), Palampur, India and Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu has claimed that Gujarat state suffers 4.83 million tonnes of production loss because of soil salinity. “In terms of monetary loss, Gujarat tops the list with Rs 100.63 billion, followed by Uttar Pradesh with Rs 81.29 billion.”
The study further adds, “Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh have the largest salt-affected area – which is more than 50% of cultivated area — in the country.” The two states alone share around 79% monetary losses in the country. “All these states deserve policy attention for management of salt-affected areas to reduce the crop production and monetary loss,” the study states.
One of the major reasons for rising soil salinity is the use of brackish groundwater irrigation waters that is causing secondary salinization in about 17% of irrigated lands in the country. “Good quality irrigation water is scarce in the country. Increasing pressure of producing more food per unit available arable land forces for extensive use of brackish groundwater for irrigation” claims the study.
World Tourism Day Observed On 27 September
World Tourism Day is observed internationally on 27 September to promote knowledge on the role of tourism within the international community and demonstrate how it affects social, cultural, political and economic values everywhere.
The theme for World Tourism Day 2021 is “Tourism for Inclusive Growth”. UNWTO has termed it as an opportunity to look beyond tourism statistics and recognise that, behind every number, there is a person.
On 27 September 1980, World Tourism Day was celebrated annually across the world 27 September as the United Nations World Tourism Organization Laws were adopted, which is considered a breakthrough in global tourism.
Clean Energy Commitment by India – UNGA
During the first leader-level assembly on energy, under the UN General Assembly, India has made commitments to increase the renewable electricity established potential to 450 GW by 2030.
India has additionally dedicated to improve and put into effect a National Hydrogen Energy Mission in order to increase the annual green hydrogen production to 1 MT by 2030.
It additionally announced to start a Production Linked Incentive Scheme which will assist in including 10 GW photo voltaic PV manufacturing potential by 2025.
Oldest Human Footprints Found In North America
In New Mexico, North America, the oldest human footprints have been found in new scientific research conducted by archaeologists in New Mexico.
The research administered at the White Sands national park in New Mexico determined that the footprints were between 21,000 and 23,000 years old.
The finding helps understand the time and location of early humans who appeared in the Americas after scattering from Africa and Asia.
Scientists at the US Geological Survey examined the seeds stuck in the footprints to define how old are the footprints.
They found several pieces of evidence, such as fossil bones, stone tools, and genetic analysis. Based on the size, scientists concluded that the footprints were related to primarily children and teenagers.
Earlier, scientists believed that the early humans in the Americas appeared around 11,000 to 13,000 years ago because of the stone spears found everywhere in North America. Scientists connected this occurrence with the Clovis culture.
Solar DC Cooking Technology – CMERI
The solar DC cooking technology was developed by the CMERI (Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute). The CMERI is an institute under the CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research).
It is a Solar Energy based totally Cooking System which consists of a solar PV panel, charge controller, battery bank and cooking oven.
It presents a Clean Cooking Environment, Inverter-Less Direct Operation, Fast and Uniform Heating and a workable to shop 1 ton Carbon Dioxide emissions per year/household.
It has 20-25% higher effectiveness and is extra Economical in assessment with Conventional Solar based Cooking Systems.
Air Show Conducted By Indian Air Force Over Dal Lake
Indian Air Force (IAF) on 26 September mesmerised locals in Srinagar with the jets performing aerial acrobatics and manoeuvring in the skies.
Many students from different schools in the Valley enjoyed the IAF jets skilfully navigating and synchronising while hovering over the famous Dal Lake.
The show was named ‘Give Wings to Your Dream’ and inaugurated by Jammu and Kashmir Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha
It was organised as a part of the ongoing celebrations commemorating ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
Worlds Highest EV Charging Station Opened In Himachal
Affairs:The world’s highest EV charging station was opened at Kaza town, in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh.
The EV charging station was opened on 23 September 2021 to promote a sustainable environment.
It is the world’s highest electric vehicle charging station, located at 500 ft.
A couple of women drove electric vehicles from Manali to Kaza to promote a clean and green environment along with the EV charging station.
All the products, including chargers of this station, are made in India.
India is achieving good momentum in the electric vehicle (EV) ecosystem. These technologies are all set to overhaul fossil-run automotive by 2050 in India.
Kaza Town is the sub-divisional headquarters of Spiti Valley. It is located in the western Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh.
Union Sports Minister Laid Foundation Stone For ZPEO
Affairs:Union Sports Minister, Shri Anurag Thakur, visited Kichpora Kangan in the Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir on 26 September and laid the foundation stone of the Zonal Physical Education Office (ZPEO) and Zonal playfield.
The Union Minister visited Kichpora Kangan and laid the foundation stone of Zonal Physical Education Office (ZPEO) and Zonal Level Playfield
He also approved the Development of Zonal Level Playfield at the cost of Rs 1.14 crore.
The Union Minister distributed certificates, mementoes and sports kits among the students during the function.
The Union Government is obliged to further reinforce the existing sports infrastructure and facilities for the UT by setting aside an amount of Rs 200 crore under PM Development Plan for the improvement of playfields and indoor stadiums.
GPSC નોંધો GPSC પ્રિલિમ્સ અને GPSC મુખ્ય પરીક્ષાની તૈયારી માટે પ્રિલિમ્સ અને મેન્સ પ્રોગ્રામ્સ લાવે છે. GPSC નોંધો દ્વારા શરૂ કરાયેલા વિવિધ કાર્યક્રમો નીચે મુજબ છે:-
- GPSC મેન્સ 2022 ટેસ્ટ અને નોટ્સ પ્રોગ્રામ
- GPSC પ્રિલિમ પરીક્ષા 2022- ટેસ્ટ સિરીઝ અને નોટ્સ પ્રોગ્રામ
- GPSC પ્રિલિમ્સ અને મેન્સ 2022 ટેસ્ટ સિરીઝ અને નોટ્સ પ્રોગ્રામ
- GPSC વિગતવાર સંપૂર્ણ પ્રારંભિક નોંધો 2022