11.03.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs

GUJARAT
Gujarat records most deaths in police custody

The ‘model state’ of Gujarat has topped the country in terms of deaths in police custody, as 15 accused died in lockups here in the financial year 2020-2021. The country’s 36 states and union territories reported a total of 86 deaths in police custody, which means Gujarat accounts for 6% of deaths in police lockups.

According to figures from the Union home ministry tabled in the Lok Sabha, Maharashtra with 11 deaths in police lockups is next to Gujarat in cases of deaths in police custody.

These 15 accused died in police custody either in the first 24 hours of their arrest before they were produced before a court, or during their custodial interrogation period.
In 2020-21, Gujarat reported 78 cases of deaths in judicial custody. It was among the top ten states in terms of deaths in jails. Uttar Pradesh reported the highest number of deaths in judicial custody, 395, in 2020-2021.

According to figures from the home ministry, Gujarat government paid Rs 48.49 lakh to the families of 20 victims who died in police custody and Rs 31 lakh compensation to families of 13 victims who died in judicial custody between 2017-18 and 2020-21.
INTERNATIONAL
World Kidney Day is on 11th March

World Kidney Day is celebrated on the second Thursday of March every year. The kidney is an important organ in our body. The function of the kidney is to remove waste and excess fluid from the body. In 2021 it is on 11th March. Highlights:
In 2006, 66 countries/regions around the world celebrated World Kidney Day for the first time, and an increase of 88 in two years. The World Kidney Day was initiated by the joint committee of the International Society of Nephrology and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations. Every year, the health organization celebrates its prevention of kidney disease and educates people on preventive measures and how to live a healthy life. In addition, the health organization organizes campaigns to disseminate information about kidney diseases, complications, and their prevention and treatment.
Theme: Living Well with Kidney Disease.

NATIONAL
India to introduce INS Karanj

INS Karanj served in the Indian Navy.

About INS Karanj:

This is the third stealth Scorpene class submarine to be introduced to the Navy.

This is the third submarine of the first six Kalvari-class submarines of the Indian Navy.

INS Karanj will become part of the Western Naval Command’s submarine fleet and will become another important part of the Command’s arsenal.

It is based on the Scorpène class diesel-electric attack submarine, designed by the French naval defense and energy group DCNS, and manufactured by the shipyard Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai, India.

INS Karanj is part of Project 75.

Project 75 is an indigenous project aimed at building 6 attack submarines for the Indian Navy.

This $3.75 billion project is supported by the Department of Defense, which is part of the Ministry of Defence. The French Naval Group applied its technical expertise to the project.

Cabinet Approved Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

The Cabinet approved the creation of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN). About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

The Cabinet has approved Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi as a single non-lapsable reserve fund for the health share of the proceeds from the Health and Education Cess.

It is a non-lapsable reserve fund for health in public accounts.

The health benefits shared in “Health and Education Cess” will be recorded in the PMSSN.

The accrued expenses of PMSSN will be used for the following flagship schemes of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare:

Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana

Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres

National Health Mission

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)

Emergency and disaster preparedness and response in health emergencies

Any future schemes/programs aimed at achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the goals set in the National Health Policy (NHP) in 2017.

The main benefit of the scheme will be to increase access to universal and affordable health care by providing dedicated resources, while ensuring that this amount is not lost at the end of the financial year.

National Action Plan for Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance

NAP-AMR was launched in April 2017. This programe is coordinated by the National Centers for Disease Control (NCDC). The overall goal of the National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (NAP-AMR) is to effectively combat antimicrobial resistance in India and contribute to global efforts to address this public health threat. Objectives:

Determine strategic priorities, key actions, outputs, responsibilities, and indicative timetables and budgets to slow the emergence of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) in India, and strengthen the organization and management structure to ensure that the ” One Health approach ” is adopted within and between departments Coordination

Through a better understanding and understanding of antimicrobial resistance, fighting antimicrobial resistance in India, strengthening infection surveillance, preventing the emergence and spread of drug-resistant bacteria by preventing and controlling infections, and optimizing the use of antibiotics in all sectors, and increase investment in antimicrobial resistance activities, research and innovation; and

Based on the M&E framework, monitor and evaluate the implementation of NAP-AMR (M&E).

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