23.07.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs

GUJARAT

 

Budget for health spending: Gujarat not in top 10

A data tabled in Rajya Sabha on July 20 gave a snapshot of the budget spending of states for health & family welfare from the central allocation of National Health Mission (NHM). The figures indicate that Gujarat’s health spending increased by 18% from 2017-18 to 2020-21 – from Rs 1,593 crore to Rs 1,894 crore.

 

Comparing the figure with other states, in the same period Odisha increased the budget spending by 55%, Maharashtra 51%, Rajasthan 50% and Madhya Pradesh 47%. Among the major states, only Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal were behind Gujarat. Year-on-year increase was just 1.6% from 2019-20 to 2020-21.

The RS data further revealed that 93% of the funds in 2020-21 went to the rural areas (National Rural Health Mission) and remaining 7% to urban areas (National Urban Health Mission). The year was the most crucial for the health spending due to the pandemic that swept across the region and caused high mortality in several cities including Ahmedabad and Surat.

National Health Policy 2017 categorically instructed the states to increase health expenditure as a percentage of GDP from existing 1.15% to 2.5%. In case of Gujarat, the figure remained around 0.6% of the GDP.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

 

India Inequality Report 2021 – Oxfam

 

 

Oxfam India’s report entitled “Inequality Report 2021: India’s Unequal Health Care Story” shows that due to the lack of universal health coverage (UHC), socio-economic inequality permeates the health sector and is marginalized.

 

It provides a comprehensive analysis of health outcomes across different socioeconomic groups in order to assess the level of health inequality that exists in the country.

The findings are primarily based on secondary analysis of the National Family Health Survey rounds 3 and 4 as well as various rounds of the National Sample Survey.

 

he performance of different groups: the general category performs better than SC and ST; Hindus perform better than Muslims; the rich perform better than the poor; men live better than women; the urban population is better than rural population in all health indicators

 

Liverpool not s UNESCO World Heritage Site

 

Liverpool was removed from UNESCO World Heritage sites after being granted the title in 2004. The decision was taken after the UNESCO committee did a secret ballot. They voted in favour of stripping Liverpool of this status.

Liverpool gained its World Heritage status in the year 2004 in recognition of its maritime history. In the 18th & 19th centuries, it was one of the world’s major trading centres.

The heritage list has been designed to preserve and recognize the buildings, monuments and other sites, and this decision to remove Liverpool will puncture a hole in the city’s prestige

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

National Broadcasting Day – 23rd July

 

National Broadcasting Day is designated on July 23 each and every year to celebrate the radio, an essential part of people’s lives in India, both as an accessible medium of entertainment and the news. The first-ever radio broadcast went on air from the Bombay Station under the Indian Broadcasting Company in 1927.

The first broadcast of radio was happened on 23 July 1927, from Bombay Station. The Bombay station was then owned by the Indian Broadcasting Company, a private company.
The State took over the broadcasting on 1st April 1930, & renamed it as Indian State Broadcasting Service.
Initially, It was on an experimental basis. It permanently came under government control in the year 1932.

 

 

SMILE Scheme – Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

 

The government has devised a plan that includes comprehensive measures to improve the well-being of beggars.

About SMILE:

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has developed a scheme called “SMILE – Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise,” which includes a sub-scheme called “Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of Persons Involved in Begging.”

The scheme focuses heavily on rehabilitation, medical facilities, counselling, basic documentation, education, skill development, economic links, and so on.

The scheme would be implemented with the help of state/local governments/local urban bodies, non-profit organisations, community-based organisations (CBOs), institutions, and others.

The scheme provides for the use of existing shelters provided by the state/UT government and urban local governments to help people who engage in begging recover

If existing shelter homes are not available, the implementing agencies will establish new dedicated shelter homes.

 

Fifth Largest Holder – Forex reserves

 

As of June 25, 2021, India will be the world’s fifth largest holder of forex reserves.

Highlights:

 

As of June 25, 2021, India’s foreign exchange reserves were 608.99 billion U.S. dollars, and it has become the world’s fifth largest foreign exchange reserve holder after China, Japan, Switzerland and Russia.

In terms of import guarantees over 18 months, India’s foreign exchange reserves are in good condition and provide a buffer against unforeseen external shocks.

The RBI diversifies its forex reserves on a regular basis by expanding operations in the forex swap and repo markets, acquiring gold, and exploring new markets/products while adhering to safety and liquidity standards.

 

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