01-02.05.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs.

GUJARAT

Rs 1.5 lakh/kg: Gujarat scientists grow one of costliest mushrooms

 

Scientists at Kutch-based Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE) have successfully cultivated – ‘cordyceps militaris’ – a mushroom species that traditionally found its use in Chinese and Tibetan herbal medicines. The scientists grew the mushrooms in 35 jars in a controlled environment in a laboratory within 90 days giving 350 grams yield. The mushroom is valued at Rs1.50 lakh a kg.

The institute which has found it useful in treating even breast cancer has decided to provide training to entrepreneurs at a very nominal fee as a livelihood option to cultivate mushrooms at laboratory scale.

INTERNATIONAL

 

Oscar Awards 2021 Was Announced

The 93rd Academy Awards ceremony, additionally recognised as the Oscars Award, took area in Los Angeles on April 25, 2021. The award is presented yearly with the aid of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). 2021 Oscars honoured the fine films of 2020 and early 2021.

American drama ‘Nomadland’ won most honours with three awards. Chloe Zhao, who directed “Nomadland”, used to be crowned satisfactory director, and with this, she grew to become the only 2nd female to claim the title and the first female of coloration to win that award. Indian film personalities Irrfan Khan and Bhanu Athaiya have been honoured in the “In Memoriam” montage showcased at the event.

 

First Asian Woman to Win Best Director Oscar Zhao

 

The Chinese born filmmaker Chloe Zhao has grown to be the first Asian lady to win the Best Director at the Academy Awards. She won the award for her film Nomadland.

Nomadland gained three main awards namely Best Director, Best Actress for Frances McDormand and Best Picture. The film is about a lady who leaves town after her husband dies. She additionally becomes houseless as sole enterprise closes down. Then, She lives in a van and travels round the US.

 

NATIONAL

Research on Janani Suraksha Yojana

A worldwide group of researchers has determined that the cash given under the Janani Suraksha Yojana is much less than the complete costs of facility-based childbirth, in terms of each monetary and actual costs. They have also observed that less than 50 per cent of eligible women take advantage of the scheme due to bad infrastructure at the hospitals.

Instead of monetary benefits, the use of maternal healthcare amenities is mostly pushed via the grass-root stage community fitness people recognised as ASHAs (Accredited Social Health Activists), researchers said.

The researchers advocated that it is of utmost importance to address indispensable gaps around first-rate of care at the public fundamental healthcare facilities.

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention underneath the National Health Mission launched through the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in 2005.

It is being applied with the goal of reducing maternal and neonatal mortality by merchandising institutional shipping among pregnant female particularly with vulnerable socio-economic repute i.e. girls from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and BPL households.

 

Groundwater Depletion May Reduce Winter Cropping Intensity

 

Groundwater depletion might also decrease wintry weather cropping intensity with the aid of 20% in India.

 

India positioned as 2nd largest producer of wheat in the globe, with over 30 million hectares in India committed to producing this crop.

Some of the necessary iciness plants (Rabi crops): wheat, barley, mustard and peas.

But with extreme groundwater depletion, the cropping intensity or the quantity of land planted in the winter season may also minimize by up to 20% by means of 2025

The worldwide team studied India’s three predominant irrigation kinds on wintry weather cropped areas: dug wells, tube wells, canals, and additionally analysed the groundwater information from the Central Ground Water Board.

 

Single Crystal Blade Technology by DRDO

 

The Single Crystal Blade Technology was developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation). The agency has delivered sixty such blades to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. A very few international locations in the world possess this technology. They are the UK, USA, Russia and France.

 

The helicopters want practical and compact aero engines to function in extreme conditions. To acquire this, Single Crystal Blades are essential. The Single Crystal blades are made of nickel-based outstanding alloys. These alloys have the capacity to withstand high temperatures. The science is to be used in helicopters.

 

Usually, metallic alloys are used in making blades. Different metals in the alloy produce specific grains whilst solidifying, thereby developing grain boundaries. A grain boundary defined as an interface between 2 grains or crystals.

 

The boundaries lead to creep that are in the blades.

 

Benefits of Single Crystal Blade Technology: The blades created beneath this technology have more extended lifestyles and extra corrosion resistance.

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