04.05.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs.

GUJARAT

Gujarat CM launches coronavirus-free village campaign

 

Gujarat chief minister Vijay Rupani launched ‘Marun Gaam: Corona-Mukt Gaam’ (My Village: Corona-Free Village) campaign on the occasion of the state’s foundation day.

The campaign was launched to check the spread of infection due to coronavirus at village level to ensure the villagers remain free from the pandemic.

INTERNATIONAL

Cabinet approves Agreement between India and UK

 

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the settlement signed between Government of India and the Government of UK. The agreement used to be signed on Customs Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters.

India and UK have been signing a number of alternate related agreements after the latter moved out of European Union.

The Agreement will grant a prison framework to share brain and statistics between the customs department of the two countries.

It will help to make certain if Customs laws are abided. It will also assist in the prevention and investigation of customized offences.

Nelson Mandela World Humanitarian Award 2021 Won by Rumana Sinha Sehgal

 

Rumana Sinha Sehgal, a Software engineer who grew to become an entrepreneur from Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, won the Nelson Mandela World Humanitarian Award 2021 by the Diplomatic Mission Global Peace.

Rumana Sinha Sehgal used to be simply awarded for her contribution to the area of growing modern and useful green products with the aid of recycling diverse materials and non-biodegradable materials. Other Awards won by her are as follows:

She won Nationwide Award -under 50- Business Leader 2021 of Social entrepreneurship.

International Influencer of the year 2021 at the Influencer Summit held in January 2021.

World Asthma Day is on 4th May

Every year, the Global Asthma Initiative organizes World Asthma Day. It aims to increase people’s awareness of asthma. The first Tuesday of May every year is this day. In 2021, the day is celebrated on 4th May.

According to the World Health Organization, about 235 million people worldwide have asthma. It is one of the non-communicable diseases. Asthma is regarded as the most common diseases in children.

The Global Asthma Initiative was launched in 1993 in cooperation with the World Health Organization, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. It provides medical guidelines based on which public health officials and health workers are spread worldwide.

In India, about 6% of children and 2% of adults are affected by asthma. In India, asthma is not adequately treated and underdiagnosed.

 

NATIONAL

For the Years 2021-22 – A Scheme to Provide Special Assistance to States for Capital Expenditures

 

The Government of India’s Ministry of Finance has agreed to provide States with an additional amount of up to Rs. 15,000 crores in the form of an interest-free 50-year loan for capital projects.

 

The Department of Expenditure has released new guidelines on the “Scheme of Financial Assistance to States for Capital Expenditure.”

Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided to the state government in the form of a 50-year interest-free loan.

No more than Rs 120 crore has been set aside for the scheme in the 2020-21 financial year, and Rs 11,830.29 crore has been released to the states.

This helps maintain state-level capital expenditures during the pandemic year.

The government agreed to continue implementing the scheme in 2021-22, based on the positive response to the scheme and the state government’s requirements.

 

SUTRA Model to Map COVID

 

The ‘Susceptible, Undetected, Tested (positive), and Removed Approach’ (SUTRA) model was used by scientists from the IITs of Kanpur and Hyderabad to predict the COVID graph in India.

To forecast the pandemic’s course, the model relies on three key parameters.

The first is called Beta, or contact rate, which measures how many people are infected each day. It is related to the R0 value, which is the number of infected persons who spread the virus to them during the infection process.

The second parameter is the “reach”, which measures the extent to which the population is affected by the pandemic.

The third is “epsilon”, which is the ratio of detected cases to undetected cases.

 

 

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