07.10.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs

GUJARAT

Gujarat govt brings policy of 4% quota for people with disabilities

The Gujarat government has passed a resolution granting the benefit of 4% reservation in government jobs for people with disabilities. Following the state government implementing the policy, the Gujarat high court on Thursday disposed a PIL demanding 4% quota for the physically challenged people.

Petitioner, the National Federation of the Blind, had sought HC’s directions to the state authorities for calling for the records relating to the maintenance of roster for giving effect to 3% reservation for persons with disabilities in terms of the Persons With Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights And Full Participation) Act, 1995 and the Supreme Court’s judgment, and about the 2016 amendment that included 1% quota for persons suffering from blindness and low vision. The details have been sought since 1996. The demand has been made to quash recruitments in which the rule of 4% quota has not been followed.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

World Cotton Day Is Observed On 7 October

 

World Trade Organization launched World Cotton Day on 7 October 2019 at the Cotton-4  initiative.

♦ World Cotton day was initiated by Cotton 4 countries Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali.

♦ This day is aimed at celebrating many advantages of cotton as a natural fibre, how beneficial it is to people, trade and Consumption.

♦ Cotton Sustains 28.67 million growers and benefits more than 100 million families in 75 countries all over 5 continents.

♦ The World Cotton Day theme for 2021 is “Cotton for Good”

♦ India is the largest producer of cotton in the world accounting for about 26% of the world cotton production.

 

The State of Climate Services 2021: Water report

 

According to WHO, climate change increases the risk of water-related hazards such as floods and droughts.

 

Climate change will also increase the number of people affected by water scarcity.

 

As per report, in 2018, 3.6 billion people worldwide had inadequate access to water at least one month per year.

 

This number is expected to exceed five billion by 2050.

 

Report also notes that, this situation is worsening as only 0.5 per cent of water on the Earth is useable and available freshwater.

 

Water-related hazards have increased in past 20 years.

 

Flood-related disasters have increased by 134 per cent since 2000, as compared to past two decades. However, number & duration of droughts have increased by 29 per cent during the same period.

 

In Africa, about two billion people live in water-stressed countries. They suffer a lack of access for safe drinking water and sanitation.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Anshu Malik The First Indian Women Wrestler To Reach World Championship Final

 

Anshu Maliki reached the world wrestling championship finals on 6 October to become the first Indian woman to reach the finals.

Highlights:

♦ Anshu, a 19-year-old wrestler from India, is the ruling Asian champion.

♦ She won by technical superiority within the 57 kg category.

♦ Only four Indian women wrestlers have won medals at the Worlds and have held the trophy.

 

 

Wada Kolam Rice Gets GI Tag

 

The Wada Rice is also known as Zini or Jhini rice, which is grown in Wada tehsil of Palghar.

The traditionally grown rice is off white in color, which gives it the GI Tag for having a unique identity.

The Wada Kolam rice costs Rs 60-70 per kg in the local market and has its demand overseas too.

It is known for its small grain, aroma, taste and for being light for digestion.

It is gluten-free but a low yielding crop.

 

DART Mission To Be Launched by NASA

 

 

NASA is set to launch the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft on November 24, 2021.

Highlights:

♦ NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft will be launched in SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket

♦ The Mission is set to launch on November 24, 2021, from Vandenberg Space Force Base, California.

♦ NASA aims to build advanced technologies to protect the Earth from dangerous asteroid collisions.

♦ There had been numerous warnings from astronomers and scientists that there might be an asteroid Collision without a proper defence system.

♦ The DART mission is based on the idea of developing a defence system against asteroid collisions. It is in the final stages of advancement.

♦ Under the mission, spacecraft will be sent towards the Didymos asteroid system, approximately 109.4 kilometres away from Earth.

 

ICMR releases MUDRA Toolbox in 5 Indian languages

 

 

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) released “Multilingual Dementia Research and Assessment (MUDRA) toolbox” in five Indian Languages.

 

Toolbox was launched in order to expand the care and outreach to people suffering from dementia.

 

Toolbox has been launched in languages including Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, Telugu and Malayalam.

 

About MUDRA Toolbox

MUDRA Toolbox project is led by the ICMR Neuro-Cognitive Tool Box (ICMR-NCTB) partnership. It seeks to improve dementia and mild cognitive impairment research & therapeutic practices in India. To implement this project, ICMR-NCTB has collaborated with AIIMS (New Delhi), NIMHANS (Bengaluru), NIMS (Hyderabad), SCTIMST (Thiruvananthapuram), Manipal Hospital (Bengaluru), Apollo Hospital (Kolkata) and Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College.

 

Use of the toolbox

Toolbox comprise of several cognitive tests which can be used to examine several aspects of cognition such as executive functioning, speech, memory, and visuospatial functions. It is sensitive to the elements affective cognitive test performance like language, education, and culture.

 

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