- Gujarat state amends law to give land to industry instead of the poor
- President, Ram Nath Kovind, last week approved amendments to the state’s agricultural land ceiling act, which caps the amount of land held by an individual.
- Excess farmland surrendered to the state in the 1960s, when the law was enacted across the country, was meant to be distributed to poor farmers and landless villagers. The amendment allows the state to change the use of the land.
- About 60 percent of India’s population of 1.3 billion people depends on agriculture for its livelihood. More than half the country’s lower-caste population is landless.
- All Indian states adopted laws by 1962 that limited the amount of land an individual or family could own. Surplus land was meant to be redistributed amongst the poor for farming.
- But only about 5 million acres (2 million hectares) have been redistributed to approximately six million poor farmers, according to government think tank Niti Aayog.
· Japan to test mini space elevator
- Researchers at Shizuoka University, a Japanese team, has developed a space elevator, a miniature version on satellites. The first trial of the miniature version of the apparatus and monitoring equipment on satellites will be conducted in the month of September. This will be the world’s first experiment to test elevator movement in space.
- The equipment will hitch a ride on an H-2B rocket being launched by Japan’s space agency from the southern island of Tanegashima next week. The test involves a miniature elevator stand-in, a box just 6 cm long, 3 cm wide, and 3 cm high.
- India and Bulgaria sign five agreements
- The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, reached Bulgaria on September 4, 2018 on the second leg of his state visit to three European nations – Cyprus, Bulgaria and the Czech Republic.
- India and Bulgaria have signed five agreements during President Kovind’s visit:
An agreement between Invest India and Invest Bulgaria
An agreement on cooperation in and facilitation of tourism
An agreement on enhanced science and technology cooperation
An agreement on civil nuclear research and cooperation
An agreement between the Indian Council of Cultural Relations and Sofia University to promote Hindi studies
· Typhoon Jebi: Japan hit by strongest storm of 25 years
- Jebi, Japan’s most powerful storm in 25 years, has killed at least 10 people. It recorded winds of up to 216km/h (135mph).
- In a separate incident, a 6 magnitude earthquake caused a landslide on Japan’s northern island of Hokkaido.
- Cabinet approves continuation of Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats scheme
- The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Umbrella Scheme of Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS-IDWH)beyond the 12thPlan period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
- The Scheme consists of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Project Tiger (CSS-PT), Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS-DWH) and Project Elephant (CSS-PE).
- The total outlay is Rs. 1731.72 crore as central share (Rs. 1143 crore for Project Tiger, Rs. 496.50 crore for Development of Wildlife Habitats and Rs.92.22 crore for Project Elephant) from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
· Draft charter of Patients Rights released by Union Health Ministry
- Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare released a draft Charter of Patients’ Rights for proper health care by medical establishments.
- This was prepared by National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
Under the draft, the patients have 17 rights.
Right to non-discrimination,
Right to informed consent,
Right to seek a second opinion and
Right to choose alternate treatment options.
· Suresh Prabhu Launches Technology Initiatives For Coffee Stakeholders
- Suresh Prabhu launched Coffee Connect – India coffee field force app and Coffee Krishi Tharanga – digital mobile extension services for coffee stakeholders at a function in New Delhi.
- The main aim is to provide customized information and services to increase productivity, profitability, and environmental sustainability.
· Schools cannot deny admission for lack of Aadhaar: UIDAI
- The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has asserted that schools cannot refuse admission to students for lack of Aadhaar, and termed denial on such grounds as “invalid”.
- It has also exhorted schools to coordinate with local banks, post offices, State education department and district administration, to facilitate special camps in their premises for Aadhaar enrolment and updation.
· Swachh Bharat progress key to UN Sustainable Development Goal on open defecation
- India is claiming the “world’s most improved” tag with regards to ending open defecation.
- The deadline for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6.2 [regarding sanitation, hygiene and open defecation] is 2030
- The Swachh Bharat programme aims to end open defecation across the country by October 2, 2019, which is the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. So far, 19 States and Union Territories have been declared ODF, or open defecation free, by the government. While 444 districts have been declared ODF, only nine of those are in Uttar Pradesh, and only four in Bihar.
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