15-16.09.19 Gujarat [GPSC] Current Affairs

GUJARAT

  • Rs 50,000 crore Japanese EV boost in Gujarat

 

  • Japanese majors Suzuki Motors, Toshiba and Denso have formed a consortium to set up a plant for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries and electrodes in Gujarat. The plant will come up near Hansalpur in Gujarat. The proposed lithium-ion battery plant will be the biggest in the world, claimed sources in the know.

 

  • Although the investment figures have not been disclosed yet, it has been learnt that the consortia is likely to invest Rs 30,000 crore to Rs 50,000 crore in a phased manner over eight years. The investment will depend on growing worldwide demand for electric vehicles.

 

  • The decision of the three Japanese companies to set up their lithium-ion battery and electrode manufacturing facility appears to be a move to tap the huge potential market in India. The Indian government has announced its intent to shift to 100 % electric cars by 2030.

 

  • Tata group has become the first company to buy land in the Dholera special investment region (SIR). Sources in the state government said the company has paid the first instalment of Rs 40 crore to buy land for its proposed lithium-ion battery plant.

 

 

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

  • World Bank to provide Rs 3,000 crore aid for food parks

 

  • Union Minister of State for Food Processing Industries Rameswar Teli has said that the World Bank will provide three thousand crore rupees assistance to finance, mini and mega food parks across the country.

 

  • He was addressing the 15th Indo-US Economic Summit organized by the Indo-American Chamber of Commerce-North India Council (IACC-NIC) in New Delhi.

 

  • The government is trying its best to double the income of farmers and is laying lot of focus on mega and mini food parks.

·         Water discovered for the first time in atmosphere of habitable exoplanets K2-18b

  • The first time discovered water in the atmosphere of a planet orbitingwithin the habitable zone of a distant star.The finding makes the world is called K2-18b – a plausible candidate in the search for alien life.
  • The new space telescopes might be able to determine whether K2-18b’s atmosphere contains gases that could be produced by living organisms.
  • The details were published in the scientific journal Nature Astronomy.The lead scientist, Prof Giovanna Tinetti of University College London (UCL), described the discovery as mind blowing.This is the first time that we have detected water on a planet in the habitable zone around a star where the temperature is potentially compatible with the presence of life.
  • The habitable zone is the region around a star where temperatures are considered sufficiently benign for water to exist in liquid form on the surface of a planet.
    The new planet is just over twice the size of Earth – in a planet category known as a super Earth and has a temperature cool enough to have liquid water, between zero and 40C.

 

  • World Ozone Day: 16 September
  • World Ozone Day is observed on 16 September every year to spread awareness among people about the depletion of the Ozone Layer.

 

  • In 1994, the UN General Assembly proclaimed this day as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, commemorating the date of the signing, in 1987, of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

 

  • The theme of World Ozone Day 2019 is ’32 years and Healing’.

 

NATIONAL

 

  • Engineers Day: 15 September

 

  • Engineers Day in India is observed every year on 15 September.

 

  • It is celebrated as a tribute to the greatest Indian engineer and Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya.

 

  • He was an engineering pioneer of India whose genius reflected in harnessing of water resources and building and consolidation of dams across the country.

 

  • Visvesvaraya was also the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore, the biggest in Asia at that time.

 

  • However, the Telangana state celebrates Engineers day on July 11th on the birthday of Ali Nawaz Jung Bahadur.

 

  • 14th Conference of Parties to UNCCD adopts Delhi Declaration

 

  • The 14th Conference of Parties (COP-14) to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) came to a close with the adoption of the Delhi Declaration.

 

  • During the extensive deliberations that lasted for 12 days, COP-14 witnessed widespread participation from over 9,000 participants from across the globe at Greater Noida.

 

  • In Delhi Declaration, the parties expressed support for new initiatives aiming to improve human health and well-being, the health of ecosystems and to advance peace and security.

 

  • India beat Bangladesh by five runs, clinch U-19 Asia Cup title

 

  • India clinched the Under-19 Asia Cup title, with a thrilling five-run win over Bangladesh in a low-scoring final at Colombo.

 

  • Defending a paltry total of 106, India dismissed Bangladesh for 101 in 33 overs.

 

  • Left-arm spinner 18-year-old Atharva Ankolekar, emerged as the star of the Indian team, with figures of 5 for 28 from 8 overs.

 

  • NCST recommends ‘tribal area’ status for Ladakh under Sixth Schedule

 

  • The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) wrote to Home Minister Amit Shah and Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda, recommending that Ladakh be declared a tribal area under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

 

  • The Sixth Schedule provides for the administration of tribal areas after setting up the autonomous district and regional councils.

 

  • The Home Ministry is the central authority for declaring an area as a “tribal area”.

 

  • The Scheduled Tribes that inhabit the region include Balti, Beda, Boto, Brokpa/Drokpa, Changpa, Garra, Mon and Purigpa.
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