04.09.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs

 

GUJARAT

Gujarat scientist’s work on black holes gets global recognition

 

Work done by Gujarat’s noted astrophysicist and cosmologist Dr Pankaj Joshi is getting global recognition.

The ‘Scientific American’, one of the topmost journal in the world, has published a cover story on ‘Naked Singularities’ in which Joshi’s paper is the very first reference.

Earlier, it was in 2009 that the 150-years-old US magazine had invited Joshi to write a full-length article on his path-breaking research. The article ‘Naked Singularities’ was published as international cover story, translated in more than 20 international languages then.

It was for the first time in seven decades of independent India that an Indian scientific research was published as a cover story in the topmost journal. Joshi’s work is one step ahead of Roger Penrose, who was conferred the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics, for his discovery in 1965.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

India: 1st Asian Country to launch a Plastics pact

 

This new platform was developed by World-Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF India) in collaboration with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

 

It will help to promote a circular system for plastics.

 

New platform was launched by British High Commissioner to India, Alexander Ellis.

 

It will bring together prominent enterprises on a national level in order to make pledges for the creation of a circular plastics system.

 

 

Under the pact, 100 per cent of plastic packaging will be made reusable or recyclable, 50 per cent of plastic packaging will be effectively recycled and 25 per cent average recycled content will be made across all plastic packaging.

 

 

Award for Sea Turtle Conservation

 

Indian biologist Shailendra Singh won the Behler  Sea Turtle Conservation Award for bringing back three critically endangered protected species of sea turtles from the brink of extinction.

 

The award has been bestowed with the help of various international bodies concerned in turtle conservation such as IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group, Turtle Survival Alliance,Turtle Conservancy, and the Turtle Conservation Fund.

 

 

World Social Protection Report 2020-22- Highlights

 

As per report, more than half of the world population are not getting any form of social protection. This trend of no social protection is there even after expansion of social protections amidst the global outbreak of COVID-19.

 

Only 47 per cent of the global population had effective access to one social protection benefit, in 2020 while 53 per cent (4.1 billion people) had no protection at all.

 

People in Europe and Central Asia are among the best covered population. 84 per cent of populations in Europe and Central Asia are having access to at least one benefit.

 

NATIONAL

 

PM addresses plenary session of the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF)

 

During the session, Prime Minister noted that, India-Russia energy partnership can bring stability in the global energy market. At the same time, International North-South Transport Corridor will bring both the countries closer.

 

The plenary session of the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) was held in Vladivostok.

 

EEF is an international meet, held annually in Vladivostok in order to encourage foreign investments in the resource-rich but underdeveloped Far East region of Russia. Russia has actively engaged India to invest in this region, following which India had announced a $1-billion line of credit for the Far East during EEF 2019.

 

 

Energy is one of the major pillars of India-Russia strategic partnership. Energy partnership between both the countries can help in bringing stability in the global energy market.

 

Both the countries have also been making a Chennai-Vladivostok maritime corridor. This connectivity project and International North-South (Transport) Corridor will bring both the countries physically closer.

 

India’s state-run Mazagon Docks Limited (India’s largest shipyards) will partner with Russian ship-building facility at Zvezda in order to build important commercial ships in the world.

 

 

IISc-ISRO develop device to conduct microbial experiments in outer space

Researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have developed device to conduct microbial experiments in outer space.

 

 

This modular, self-contained device can be used to cultivate microorganisms which in turn, enable scientists to carry out biological experiments even in outer space.

 

This study was published in Acta Astronautica. Researchers showed how this device can be used to activate and track the growth of a bacterium called Sporosarcina pasteurii for several days with minimal involvement of human.

 

This understanding of how these microbes behave in extreme environments will provide valuable insights for human space missions like ‘Gaganyaan’ that is set to be launched in 2022.

 

Social protection comprises of access to healthcare and income security in cases of unemployment, old age, inability to work, and for families with children.

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