09.09.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs

GUJARAT

Gujarat has third-highest ratio of vehicles per family

Gujarat’s major cities are staring at a bleak, bumper-to-bumper ride in a proximate future. Reason, each Gujarat household owns more than two vehicles — an average 2.25 vehicle per household — which is the third highest after Goa’s 4.41 vehicles per household and Delhi’s 3.62 vehicles per household.

The National Road Transport Yearbook 2019-2020 of the Union ministry of road transport and highways (MoRTH) reveals that as on March 31, 2021, the state has 2.75 crore registered vehicles. One of the major reasons, say experts, is poor public transport system in cities. Less bus frequency in a big number of villages and the culture of multi-tasking in Gujarat which prompts people to buy their own vehicle instead of depending on public transport.

Gujarat along with Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu account for nearly 49% of the total vehicles registered in India. Maharashtra has the highest share of 12% followed by UP (11.1%), Tamil Nadu (10.2%), Gujarat (8.5%) and Karnataka (7.2%).

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

AUSINDEX – Bilateral Exercise

 

Indian and Australian navies commenced the bilateral exercising AUSINDEX.

Highlights:

From the Indian Navy, INS Shivalik and INS Kadmatt are taking part in AUSINDEX 2021, the fourth version of the bilateral naval exercise.

Under the Eastern Naval Command, they form the part of the Indian Navy’s Eastern Fleet based at Visakhapatnam.

Both are indigenously designed and built.

INS Kadmatt is an anti-submarine corvette and INS Shivalik is a guided missile stealth frigate.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

CSCs Approved by Passport Services

 

The Common Services Centres has received approvals to operate and manipulate Passport Seva Kendra kiosks in rural areas.

Highlights:

The Village Entrepreneur (VLE) who runs the CSC will be commissioned to collect the documents, photos, and other details required for the passport process, as well as initial non-police verification.

A nominal charge of up to Rs one hundred should be charged for the same.
The pilot program was launched in some CSCs in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

Full-fledged service is about to roll out across the country.

 

 

 

Local Sales through SEZ Units Except Import Tag

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) were in the news. Local sales through Special Economic Zones units except import tag.

Highlights:

The government is considering an idea to enable producers in Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to promote their output to the domestic market without treating them as imports.

It is also reviewing the exclusion of special economic zones and export-oriented units from the recently notified export tax refund scheme

It has also recently been emphasized that despite the rising freight and input costs, the special economic zones and EOU units have not benefited under the Remission of Taxes and Duties on Export Products (RoDTEP) scheme.

 

Committee for Coal Based Hydrogen Production

 

To Prepare Road Map for Coal based Hydrogen Production the Ministry of Coal Constitutes an Expert Committee and Task Force .

Highlights:

On India’s 75th Independence Day, the Prime Minister introduced a Hydrogen Mission. Coal is one of the vital sources of hydrogen making (Brown Hydrogen) aside from Natural Gas (Grey hydrogen) and renewable energy (Green Hydrogen) through electrolysis.

In the case of renewable energy (green hydrogen), excess solar energy is used to electrolyze water into hydrogen and oxygen

However, Coal has not been prompted elsewhere because of the fear that while extracting hydrogen by coal (from the moisture embedded in coal) there might also be carbon emission. Almost

In view of the above situation, the Ministry of Coal has established two committees.

 

Establishment of National Livestock Mission

 

The Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Minister established the National Livestock Mission portal.

About National Livestock Mission:

♦ This mission covers all the Indian states.
♦ There are 4 sub-missions under National Livestock Mission:
♦ Sub-Mission on Fodder and Feed Development
♦ Sub-Mission on Livestock Development
♦ Sub-Mission on Development of Pig in North-Eastern Region
♦ Sub-Mission on Technology Transfer, Skill Development and Extension
♦ It is a centrally-sponsored scheme. Under ‘White Revolution’, it runs as a sub-scheme.
♦ It began working in 2014.
♦ The mission ensures quantitative and qualitative enhancement in livestock manufacturing systems, specially in Sheep, Goat, Pig, Poultry, Feed and Fodder sector.

 

Unlocking Huge Potential of Mineral Exploration

The Geological Survey of India has designated 100 mineral blocks with geological potential for auction. Handing over of these a hundred Reports to the State Governments will ensure non-stop grant of minerals in the country and extra revenue to the State Governments by bringing greater quantities of mineral blocks under auction.

About MMDR Amendment Act, 2021:

The 2015 MMDR Amendment Act introduced transparency in the allocation of mineral concessions in mining leases and exploration licenses.

In this non-stop endeavour, the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, has been further liberalized in March 2021.

The latest amendment is anticipated to expand employment and funding in the mining sector, enlarge the income to the States, increase production and time bound operationalization of mines,maintain the continuity of mining operations after the tenant changes, and accelerate the pace of mineral exploration and auction resources.

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