29.09.21 Daily GPSC Current Affairs

 

GUJARAT

Gujarat govt share in Union taxes drops 14%

The Gujarat government’s share in Union taxes and duties declined by 13.87% in 2019-20 on the year-on-year basis. The state’s share of Union taxes stood at Rs 20,232 crore in 2019-20 as compared to Rs 23,489.33 crore in 2018-19, the CAG stated in its report on the state’s finances for the year ended March 31, 2020.

“Both the components of central tax transfers i.e., direct taxes and indirect taxes also decreased by 13.27% and 14.78% respectively over the previous year,” the country’s premier watchdog said in its report. “They also dipped in 2019-20 for the first time during the period 2015-2020,” the report said.

However, grant-in-aid from the Government of India increased by 34.26% or Rs 6,507.54 crore from Rs 18,992.48 crore in 2018-19 to Rs 25,500.02 crore in 2019-20.

The transfers (share in taxes and grant-in-aid) from the Centre increased by 312% from Rs 11,109.99 crore in 2010-11 to Rs 45,732.11 crore in 2019-20,” the CAG said. “The percentage increase over the previous year ranged between 7.65% (2019-20) and 30.09% (2016-17) during the ten-year period.”

‘Improve revenue receipts-GSDP ratio’

The state government needs to improve its revenue receipts-GSDP ratio; at 8.59%, it was lower than the 9.06% achieved during 2018-19, the CAG said. Also, the percentage of capital expenditure to total expenditure (15.28%) during 2019-20 was lower than what was registered during 2018-19 (17.26%), the CAG observed.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Highlights Of 2021 Indo-Us Health Dialogue

 

The fourth Indo – U.S. Health Dialogue commenced on 27 September was Hosted by India.

Highlights:

The Indo – U.S. health Dialogue commenced on 27 September in New Delhi

The Dialogue was led by Indian Delegation, Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar and the U.S. delegation, Ms Loyce Pace, Director, Office of Global Affairs at U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

The two-day Dialogue platform deliberates upon multiple ongoing collaborations between both countries in the health sector.

The two-day Dialogue was worked as a platform to consider multiple collaborations in the health sector between the two countries.

The First MoU was signed for collaboration in the field of Health and Biomedical sciences.

The other MoU was signed for cooperation with the International Centre for Excellence in Research (ICER) and the NIAID (NIH), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).

Union Health Minister Shri Mansukh Mandaviya delivered a remarkable speech on the last day of the 4th Indo-US Health Dialogue.

 

 

Australia: Fossil of Oldest Koala-hunting eagle discovered

 

Scientists have excavated the remains of an ancient eagle near a barren, dried-up lake in Southern Australia.

 

This majestic bird is believed to be 25 million years old when the land of southern Australia was teemed with lush forests.

 

For eagle, this part of the land was teemed with helpless prey.

 

It was found near Australia’s Lake Pinpa, which is now-deserted.

 

Discovery includes a whopping 63 well-kept fossils which also comprises the entirety of the eagle’s skeleton.

Fossil of Koala-hunting eagle

 

Koala-hunting eagle was slightly smaller and leaner than the wedge-tailed eagle. However, its the largest eagle known in Australia, found about 25 million years ago. They are known as wedge-tail, or wedgies in Australia. They had a broad-winged bird of prey, similar to size of bald eagle of America.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Aapda Mitra Scheme: Training Manual Released

 

While addressing the celebrations, minister noted that, India is moving towards creating a disaster management system to ensure than not a single life is lost, no matter how severe a disaster gets.

On the occasion, he released training manual of Aapda Mitra Scheme as well as plan documents of Aapda Mitra & Common Alerting Protocol.

Foundation Day of NDMA was celebrated under the theme- ‘Stopping Impact of Disaster Incidents in the Himalayan Region’.

 

Aapda Mitra Scheme

 

Aapda Mitra scheme will soon be launched in 350 districts of India by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). Under this scheme, more than one lakh young volunteers from 350 districts will be trained. So far, 5500 Aapda Mitra and 5500 Aapda Sakhi have been trained, who can extend help in case of disaster or natural calamity like flood in remote places. All these volunteers would get life insurance by the government.

 

Agriculture Minister launches Amul Honey

 

Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar launched ‘Amul Honey’ on September 28, 2021. Amul Honey is a product of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd.

 

This product was launched under cooperation with the ‘National Bee Board (NBB)’.

 

During the event, Tomar emphasized on importance of National Beekeeping and Honey Mission in increasing the income of small farmers.

National Beekeeping and Honey Mission is being implemented in India to double the income of farmers or beekeepers through beekeeping.

Budgetary allocation of Rs 500 crores have been made for this mission.

Background

 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi had put forward his desire to bring in a “sweet revolution” in the state of Gujarat. Amul Honey was launched to fulfil this.

Honey Quality in India

In India, quality of honey is a major concern. To ensure the quality, 5 large scale Regional Honey Testing Labs and 100 Mini Honey Testing Labs are being set up across the country.

 

Amrit Grand Challenge Program- जनCARE

 

“Amrit Grand Challenge Programme” titled “जनCARE” was launched by Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology, Dr Jitendra Singh.

 

This programme will identify 75 Start-Up Innovations in Telemedicine, Digital Health, Block Chain, mHealth with BIG Data, Artificial intelligence and other technologies.

Launch of Grand Challenge coincides with the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, it has become more imperative for Young Start-ups and entrepreneurs to come out with Innovative Ideas and Solutions for healthcare challenges in India.

Under this initiative, 75 Best Chosen Start-ups will be an asset for India to lead it in the next 25 years.

 

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