Gujrat Tax and economic reforms
Gujarat Goods and Service Tax: The Gujarat Legislative Assembly ratified and passed the newly introduced State Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill and became the third state after the Telangana and UP.
- GST will abolish all the taxation related disputes between the States and this will make Indian economy more strong.
- After implementation of GST, the state will lose some tax income but the Centre has agreed to provide 14 per cent compensation for the next five years.
- As per the new Bill, the existing Value Added Tax (VAT) Act will be withdrawn after the passing of the new GST Bill in the Gujarat Assembly. However, the indirect tax in the form of VAT will continue to be levied on petroleum products such as petrol, diesel, crude oil, natural gas, liquor and aviation turbine fuel (ATF).
Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive indirect tax on manufacture, sale, and consumption of goods and services throughout India. GST would replace respective taxes levied by the central and state governments.
What is GST?
- It is a destination-based taxation system.
- It has been established by the 101st Constitutional Amendment Act.
- It is an indirect tax for the whole country on the lines of “One Nation One Tax” to make India a unified market.
- It is a single tax on supply of Goods and Services in its entire product cycle or life cycle i.e. from manufacturer to the consumer.
- It is calculated only in the “Value addition” at any stage of a goods or services.
- The final consumer will pay only his part of the tax and not the entire supply chain which was the case earlier.
- There is a provision of GST Council to decide upon any matter related to GST whose chairman in the finance minister of India.
What taxes at center and state level are incorporated into the GST?
At the State Level
- State Value Added Tax/Sales Tax
- Entertainment Tax (Other than the tax levied by the local bodies)
- Octroi and Entry Tax
- Purchase Tax
- Luxury Tax
- Taxes on lottery, betting, and gambling
At the Central level
- Central Excise Duty
- Additional Excise Duty
- Service Tax
- Additional Customs Duty (Countervailing Duty)
- Special Additional Duty of Customs
Benefits of GST
For Central and State Governments
- Simple and Easy to administer: Because multiple indirect taxes at the central and state levels are being replaced by a single tax “GST”. Moreover, backed with a robust end to end IT system, it would be easier to administer.
- Better control on leakage: Because of better tax compliance, reduction of rent seeking, transparency in taxation due to IT use, an inbuilt mechanism in the design of GST that would incentivize tax compliance by traders.
- Higher revenue efficiency: Since the cost of collection will decrease along with an increase in the ease of compliance, it will lead to higher tax revenue.
For the Consumer
- The single and transparent tax will provide a lowering of inflation.
- Relief in overall tax burden.
- Tax democracy that is luxury items will be taxed more and basic goods will be tax-free.
For the Business Class
- Ease of doing business will increase due to easy tax compliance.
- Uniformity of tax rate and structure, therefore, better future business decision making and investments by the corporates.
- Removal of cascading effects of taxes.
- Reduction in transactional cost will lead to improved competitiveness.
- Gain to the manufacturer and exporters.
- It is expected to raise the country GDP by 2% points.
- It is the 1st Federal Institution of India, as per the Finance minister.
- It will approve all decision related to taxation in the country.
- It consists of Centre, 29 states, Delhi and Puducherry.
- Centre has 1/3rd voting rights and states have 2/3rd voting rights.
- Decisions are taken after a majority in the council.
Supporting Laws to implement GST
For the implementation of GST, apart from the Constitution Amendment Act, some other statutes are also necessary. Recently 5 supporting laws to the GST were recommended by the council. 4 for the bills should be passed by the parliament, while the 5th one should be passed by respective state legislatures. The details are given below.
- The Central Goods and Services Tax Bill 2017 (The CGST Bill).
- The Integrated Goods and Services Tax Bill 2017 (The IGST Bill).
- The Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Bill 2017 (The UTGST Bill).
- The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to the States) Bill 2017 (The Compensation Bill).
- And a state GST will be passed by the respective state legislative assemblies.
- Tax slabs are decided as 0%, 5%, 12%, 18%, 28% along with categories of exempted and zero rated goods for different types of goods and services.
- Further, a cess would be levied on certain goods such as luxury cars, aerated drinks, pan masala and tobacco products, over and above the rate of 28% for payment of compensation to the States.
- However, which goods and services fall into which bracket is still an enormous task to be completed by the GST council.
- Highest tax slab is pegged at 40%.
DEMONETIZATION AND CASHLESS ECONOMY
What is Demonetization?
- It is a financial step where in a currency unit’s status as a legal tender is declared invalid.
- This is usually done when old currency notes are to be replaced with the news ones.
- The 500 and 1000 rupee notes seized to be a legal tender from 8 November, 2016.
A brief past
- Demonetisation was earlier done in 1978 When the government demonetised Rs. 1000, Rs. 5000 and Rs. 10000 notes.
- This was done under the High Denomination Bank Note (Demonetisation) Act, 1978.
- The difference between 1978 and 2016 Demonetisation is that the currency in circulation (of the higher denomination) is higher in 2016 than was in 1978.
- The current demonitization has been done by government under section 26(2) of the Reserve Bank of India Act.
Implications of Demonetization
- A parallel black economy would collapse.
- Of the Rs 17 lakh crore of total currency in circulation in the country, black money is estimated at mind-boggling Rs 3 lakh crore.
- Counterfeit currency: Death blow to the counterfeit Indian currency syndicate operating both inside and outside the country.
- On Employment: a large part of the Indian economy is still outside the banking system. So, the cash shortage will hurt the informal sector that does most of its transactions in cash.
- On elections: It will reduce the Vote-for-Note politics making elections more clean and transparent.
- On Economy:
- First, it will bring more borrowings to the exchequer, improve inflation outlook and increase India’s gross domestic product (GDP).
- Second, it will revive investment opportunities and give a fillip to infrastructure and the manufacturing sector.
- Third, it will help reduce interest rates and lower income tax rate.
- Real estate cleansing: An unexpected dip in land and property prices.
- On Higher Education: will become more reachable as the black money from ‘high capitation fees’ is discouraged.
- On security:
- Terror financing: Terror financing is sourced through counterfeit currency and hawala transactions.
- Kashmir unrest: The four-month-long unrest in Kashmir valley is on a backburner
- North-East insurgency and Maoists: Black money is the oxygen for Maoists collected through donations, levy and extortions. The illicit money is used to purchase arms and ammunition
Chatrapati Shivaji Mahara jShetkari Sanman Yojana – 2017:
The Maharashtra state government has introduced the farmer’s list under ChhatrapatiShivajiMaharajShetkariSanmanYojana CSMSSY 2017. CSMSSY 2017 is a farm loan waiver scheme of Maharashtra Government, under the scheme the state government will waive the agriculture loan of the farmers of Maharashtra. Farmers can check their name in the list is available at district wise, block-wise and Gram Panchayat wise. Farmers can also check their name at csmssy.in
The eligible and needy farmers who have registered for CSMSSY 2017 were provided an application id and district wise, taluka wise and Garmpanchayat/ Nagarparishad wise farmer list can be accessed
According to the official website of the CSMSSY, 4607203 total numbers of registrations have been done by the farmers in Maharashtra on the portal while 3928529 farmers have applied for the farm loan waiver scheme till 31st August.
GPSC નોંધો GPSC પ્રિલિમ્સ અને GPSC મુખ્ય પરીક્ષાની તૈયારી માટે પ્રિલિમ્સ અને મેન્સ પ્રોગ્રામ્સ લાવે છે. GPSC નોંધો દ્વારા શરૂ કરાયેલા વિવિધ કાર્યક્રમો નીચે મુજબ છે:-
- GPSC મેન્સ 2022 ટેસ્ટ અને નોટ્સ પ્રોગ્રામ
- GPSC પ્રિલિમ પરીક્ષા 2022- ટેસ્ટ સિરીઝ અને નોટ્સ પ્રોગ્રામ
- GPSC પ્રિલિમ્સ અને મેન્સ 2022 ટેસ્ટ સિરીઝ અને નોટ્સ પ્રોગ્રામ
- GPSC વિગતવાર સંપૂર્ણ પ્રારંભિક નોંધો 2022