Religions of India

India is a Multi religious secular nation and constitution of India secures the religious freedom through fundamental rights. Below are the major religions of India:- Hindu Dharma: General characteristics and some common beliefs – Purusharthas– rituals and ethics – festivals and sacred days – pilgrimage and fairs. Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in … Read more

Developmental and Environmental issues

Infrastructure is essential for increasing economic progress and reducing poverty. The choices made in the type and scale of infrastructure investment also have major implications for environmental sustainability. Land New infrastructure typically involves land use change and the selection of the site and its proximity to human settlement will significantly affect its impact. Refurbishment, rebuilding … Read more

Carbon Emission

Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of “greenhouse gases”. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth’s radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth’s surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. The primary sources of greenhouse gas emissions are: Transportation  – … Read more

Urbanization  ( problem and remidies )

 Demographically it’s the increase in population of cities and towns ,while sociologically it’s the spread of urban way of life to the country side . Urbanization in India has occurred more slowly than in other developing countries and the proportion of the population in urban areas has been only 28 per cent based on the … Read more

Smart Cities and solutions

Smart City means aligning information technologies to citizens’ needs in order to enhance their day-to-day lives by increasing efficiency, lowering costs, and engaging more directly with city dwellers. Developing a smart city is the next generation urbanization process for improving the efficiency, reliability, and security of a traditional city. This paper discusses about the economic … Read more

Races of India

A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as inherently distinct by society. India is a multicultural country. Anthropologists are committed to grasping the dynamics of communities and populations. As anthropology combines the premises of a biological as well as well as socio-cultural study, it looks at … Read more

Quaternary activities

Quaternary activities centre around research, development and may be seen as an advanced form of services involving specialised knowledge and technical skills. Quinary activities are services that focus on the creation, re-arrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas; data interpretation and the use and evaluation of new technologies. Often referred to as ‘gold collar’ … Read more


Literacy level and educational attainment are vital indicators of development in a society. Attainment of universal primary education which was one of the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations to be achieved by the year 2015 has not been fulfilled by India. Planning Commission also targeted in the The 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017) aims at an increase in literacy rates … Read more

Hazard/Disaster Management

Disaster Management History shows that India is exposed to national disasters. Cyclones, floods, earthquakes, droughts and floods are major threats. About 60 percent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of various intensities, over 40 million hectares is prone to floods and 68 percent of the area is susceptible to drought. This not only results … Read more