- Only two institutes of Gujarat make it to top 100
- As the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) rankings for educational institutions and varsities, under the Union ministry of human resource development (HRD), was announced on Monday, only two institutions – Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar (IIT-Gn) and Anand Agriculture University (AAU) – made it to the top 100 institutes (overall) in the country. In the overall rankings, IIT-Gn has been ranked 51, and has slipped 12 rungs from its rank, 39, in 2018. Similarly, AAU was which was ranked 96, also slipped 13 positions against rank 83, last year.
- The rankings are decided based on five parameters – teaching and learning resources, research and professional practice, graduation outcomes, outreach and inclusivity and perception.A blow also came to the famed premiere institution in the city – Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIM-A) – which slipped to the second position in the ranking of top 100 management institutions across the country. IIM-A had secured the top position among management institutes in India for two consecutive years i.e. in 2017 and 2018. Gujarat’s largest state university – Gujarat University – which was ranked at 112 this year in the overall rankings, also slipped by one position against rank 111 last year.
- WHO raises alarm over 300% increase in case of measles globally
- World Health Organization (WHO)raised alarm over a 300 per
cent increase in the case of measles globally in the first quarter of 2019
compared with last year.
The UN body agreed the provisional data indicated a clear trend, with all regions of the world seeing outbreaks.
- The WHO had an early trend
for 2019 likely underestimated the severity of the outbreaks since only about
one in 10 actual measles cases was reported.
Around 170 countries have reported 112,163 measles cases to WHO.
Africa has witnessed the most dramatic rise – up 700% which has weaker vaccination coverage than other regions.
At this time in 2018, 163 countries had reported 28,124 cases.
- China makes world’s 1st armored amphibious drone boat
- China has successfully tested the world’s first armed amphibious drone boat.
- It is capable of forming a combat triad with aerial drones and other drone ships.
- Built by Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Group under China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, the drone ship is named asMarine Lizard.
- Having a maximum operation range of 1,200 kms, the Marine Lizard can be remotely controlled via satellites.
- Different harvest festivals being celebrated in several parts of the country
- The list of the various new year and harvest festivals with their associated states is as follows:
Rongali Bihu: Assam
Puthandu Pirappu: Tamil Nadu
Poila Baisakh: West Bengal
Maha Vishuba Sankranti: Odisha
- CMFRI joins hands with ISRO to protect coastal wetlands
- The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have joined hands to map, validate and protect smaller wetlands in the coastal belt of the country.
- A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the CMFRI and the Space Applications Centre (SAC) of the ISRO to develop a mobile app and a centralised web portal with a complete database of wetlands smaller than 2.25 hectares in the country.
- As per the MoU, the two scientific institutes will identify and demarcate wetlands, and restore the degraded wetlands through suitable livelihood options like coastal aquaculture.
- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) Headquarters at Kochi.
- India turns to net steel importer in Fiscal year 2018-2019
- India became a net importer of steel in the fiscal year 2018-2019
that ended on 31 March for the first time in 3 years, as the 25% import duty on
steel products imposed by the US diverted supplementary supplies to India.
India’s steel imports increased by 4.7% to 7.84 million tonnes in 2018-19 from 7.48 million tonnes a year earlier.
- Exports fell by 34% to 6.36 million tonnes from 9.62 million tonnes over.
- The iron and steel industry is one of the most
important industries in India.
During 2014 through 2016, India was the third largest producer of raw steel and the largest producer of sponge iron in the world.
- The industry produced 91.46 million tons of total finished steel and 9.7 million tons of raw iron. Most iron and steel in India is produced from iron ore.
- Health Ministry to frame law to ban manufacture and sale of e cigarettes
- The Ministry of
Commerce and Industries instructed the Health
Ministry to frame law banning manufacture and sale
of e-cigarettes in the country as in the absence of the
domestic legislation, it would not be possible to put a blanket ban on its
- The Commerce Ministry stated that without banning domestic sale and manufacturing of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) through the law, it will be an infringement of global trade norms to put an import ban.
- Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes are devices
that do not burn or use tobacco leaves but instead vaporise a
solution, which a user then inhales
- The main constituents of the solution, in
addition to nicotine, are propylene glycol
As per the World Health Organization report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2017, governments of 30 countries which includes Mauritius, Australia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay, Bahrain, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, have already banned the Electronic cigarettes.
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